Monitoring in vitro extracellular matrix protein conformations in the presence of biomimetic bone-regeneration scaffolds using functionalized gold-edge-triangular silver nanoparticles
Rodriguez Barroso, Laura G.
Azaman, Farah Alwani
Brennan Fournet, Margaret
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: In the cellular environment, high noise levels, such as fluctuations in biochemical reactions, protein variability, molecular diffusion, cell-to-cell contact, and pH, can both mediate and interfere with cellular functions. In this work, gold edge-coated triangular silver nanoparticles (AuTSNP) were validated as a promising new tool to indicate protein conformational transitions in cultured cells and to monitor essential protein activity in the presence of an optimized bone biomimetic chitosan-based scaffold whose rational design mimics the ECM as a natural scaffold. A chitosan based scaffold formulation with hydroxyapatite (CS/HAp) was selected due to its promising features for orthopedic applications, including combined high mechanical strength biocompatibility and biodegradability. Functionalized AuTSNP-based tests with the model ECM protein, fibronectin (Fn), illustrate that the protein interactions can be clearly sensed over time through the local surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) technique. This demonstrates that AuTNSP are a powerful tool to detect protein conformational activity in the presence of biomimetic bone tissue regeneration scaffolds within a cellular environment that comprises a diversity of molecular cues
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