Formulation and evaluation of Fenbendazole extended-release extrudes processed by hot-melt extrusion
Bezerra, Gilberto S.
de Lima, Tielidy A. de M.
Colbert, Declan M.
Geever, Luke M.
MetadataShow full item record
This study aimed to demonstrate the feasibility of hot-melt extrusion in the development of extended-release formulations of Fenbendazole (Fen) dispersed in PEO/PCL blend-based matrices. Their thermal, physical, chemical and viscosity properties were assessed by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis/derivative thermogravimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, and melt flow index. Drug dispersion was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy with electron dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and drug release was evaluated by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. A thermal analysis indicated the conversion of the drug to its amorphous state. FTIR analysis endorsed the thermal studies pointing to a decrease in the drug’s crystallinity with the establishment of intermolecular interactions. XRD analysis confirmed the amorphous nature of Fen. MFI test revealed that PCL acts as a plasticizer when melt-processed with PEO. SEM images displayed irregular surfaces with voids and pores, while EDX spectra demonstrated a homogeneous drug distribution throughout the polymeric carrier. Dissolution testing revealed that PCL retards the drug release proportionally to the content of such polymer incorporated. These melt-extruded matrices showed that the drug release rate in a PEO/PCL blend can easily be tailored by altering the ratio of PCL to address the issues related to the multiple-dosing regimen of Fen in ruminants.
The following license files are associated with this item: