Investigation of the Initial Host Response of Naïve Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Inoculated with Paramoeba perurans
MetadataShow full item record
Amoebic Gill Disease (AGD), caused by the ectoparasite Paramoeba perurans is characterised by hyperplasia of the gill epithelium and lamellar fusion. In this study, the initial host response of naïve Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) inoculated with P. perurans was investigated. Using gel-free proteomic techniques and mass spectrometry gill and serum samples were analysed at 7 timepoints (2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 11 and 14 days) post-inoculation with P. perurans. Differential expression of immune related proteins was assessed by comparison of protein expression from each time point against naïve controls. Few host immune molecules associated with innate immunity showed increased expression in response to gill colonisation by amoebae. Furthermore, many proteins with roles in immune signalling, phagocytosis and T-cell proliferation were found to be inhibited upon disease progression. Initially, various immune factors demonstrated the anticipated increase in expression in response to infection in the serum while some immune inhibition became apparent at the later stages of disease progression. Taken together, the pro-immune trend observed in serum, the lack of a robust early immune response in the gill and the diversity of those proteins in the gill whose altered expression negatively impact the immune response, support the concept of a pathogen-derived suppression of the host response.
The following license files are associated with this item: