Platelet-rich plasma, Hydroxyapatite, and Chitosan in the bone and cartilaginous regeneration of femoral trochlea in rabbits: clinical, radiographic, and histomorphometric evaluations.
de Sousa Seguno, Francisco Alipio
de Sousa Costa, Edla Iris
Santos de Azevedo, Adílio
Lucélia de Araújuo, Ana
de França Silva, Ana Clara
de Lima, Gabriel Goetten
Cavalcanti de Sá, Marcelo Jorge
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the trochlear bone and cartilaginous regeneration of rabbits using the association of PRP, chitosan, and hydroxyapatite. Hole was made in rabbit troches, one hole in each animal remained empty (group C), and one was filled by a combination of PRP, chitosan, and hydroxyapatite (group T). Clinical-orthopedic, radiographic, and histomorphometric evaluations were performed. Clinical-orthopedic evaluation showed lameness of two members of the Tgroup and one member of group C. *e radiographic evaluation showed that the T group showed absence of subchondral bone reaction (33%). *e presence of moderate subchondral bone reaction was more frequently reported in group C with 67%. Microscopic evaluation revealed a presence of tissue neoformation, composed of connective tissue. Microscopic findings were similar in both groups, with a difference in the amount of neoformed tissue being perceptible, which was confirmed after the morphometric analysis, which revealed a significant difference in the quantity of newly formed tissue at the bone/cartilage/implant interface. The composite base of the association of chitosan, hydroxyapatite, and platelet-rich plasma favored bone and cartilage healing.
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