Subjective evaluation of olfactory and visual media synchronization.
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As a step towards enhancing users' perceived multimedia quality levels beyond the level offered by the classic audiovisual systems, the authors present the results of an experimental study which looked at user's perception of inter-stream synchronization between olfactory data (scent) and video (without relevant audio). The impact on user's quality of experience (by considering enjoyment, relevance and reality) comparing synchronous with asynchronous presentation of olfactory and video media is analyzed and discussed. The aim is to empirically define the temporal boundaries within which users perceive olfactory data and video to be synchronized. The key analysis compares the user detection and perception of synchronization error. State of the art works have investigated temporal boundaries for olfactory data with audiovisual media, but no works document the integration of olfactory data and video (with no related audio). The results of this work show that the temporal boundaries for olfactory and video only are significantly different from olfactory, video and audio. The authors conclude that the absence of contextual audio reduces considerably the acceptable temporal boundary between the scent and video. The results also indicate that olfaction before video is more noticeable to users than olfaction after video and that users are more tolerable of olfactory data after video rather than olfactory data before video. In addition the results show the presence of two main synchronization regions. This work is a step towards the definition of synchronization specifications for multimedia applications based on olfactory and video media.
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