Analysis of volatile organic compounds in Irish rapeseed oils
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In recent years, consumer demand for health benefitting, pleasant-tasting rapeseed oil has increased, and so has production. Ireland’s climate and agricultural background can support the production of high-quality rapeseed oil. Volatile organic compounds (VOC) can give rise to highly distinctive flavours in rapeseed oils, produced during crop growth and generated during processing. This study performed VOC and sensory evaluation to determine if correlations exist. Samples of Irish rapeseed oils from 6 different producers were analysed. Com- pounds detected in the oil samples consisted of acids, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, benzenes, esters, ether, terpenes, and sulphurs. While variations in whole volatile profiles were not considered significant, individual compounds and volatile classes were for hexanal, pentanal, ketones, acids, and sulphurs compounds. Correlations were observed between the VOCs detected and the sensory profile, which indicated the VOC content may in- fluence an oil’s sensory profile.
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