Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGraham, C.T.
dc.contributor.authorO'Connor, I.
dc.contributor.authorBroderick, L.
dc.contributor.authorBroderick, M.
dc.contributor.authorJensen, O.
dc.contributor.authorLally, H.T.
dc.identifier.citationC.T. Graham, I. O'Connor, L. Broderick, M. Broderick, O. Jensen, H.T. Lally, Drones can reliably, accurately and with high levels of precision, collect large volume water samples and physio-chemical data from lakes, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 824, 2022, 153875, ISSN 0048-9697,
dc.description.abstractThe rapid development and application of drone technology has included water sampling and collection of physiochemical data from lakes. Previous research has demonstrated the significant potential of drones to play a future pivotal role in the collection of such data from lakes that fulfil requirements of large-scale monitoring programmes. However, currently the utilisation of drone technology for water quality monitoring is hindered by a number of important limitations: i) the low rate of successful sample captured; ii) the relatively low volume of water sample retrieved for analyses of multiple water chemistry parameters; and critically iii) differences between water chemistry parameters when using a drone versus samples collected by boat. Here we present results comparing the water chemistry results of a large number of parameters (pH, dissolved oxygen concentration, temperature, conductivity, alkalinity, hardness, true colour, chloride, silica, ammonia, total oxidised nitrogen, nitrite, nitrate, ortho-phosphate, total phosphorous and chlorophyll) sampled via drone with samples collected by boat in a number of lakes. The drone water sampling method used here is the first to collect a sufficiently large volume of water to meet the monitoring requirements of large scale water monitoring programmes, 2 L, at a 100% success rate and most crucially, with water chemistry variables that are not significantly different to those taken using traditional boat water sampling. This study therefore shows that drone technology can be utilised to collect water chemistry data and samples from lakes in a reliable, more rapid and cost effective manner than traditional sampling using boats, that is safer for personnel and poses less of a biosecurity risk.en_US
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofScience of The Total Environmenten_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.subjectUnmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)en_US
dc.subjectWater chemistryen_US
dc.subjectAquatic environmentsen_US
dc.subjectWater framework directive (WFD)en_US
dc.subject2 L water sampleen_US
dc.titleDrones can reliably, accurately and with high levels of precision, collect large volume water samples and physio-chemical data from lakesen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationMarine and Freshwater Research Centre, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology (GMIT), Dublin Road, Galway City, Irelanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationModel Heli Services, Belltrees, Inch, Ennis, Co. Clare, Irelanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison, Center for Limnology, Madison, WI, United States of Americaen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorThis research (2017–W–MS-28) was funded by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Research Programme 2014-2020.en_US
dc.subject.departmentMarine and Freshwater Research Centreen_US

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International