Zero-padding and spatial augmentation-based gas sensor node optimization approach in resource-constrained 6G-IoT paradigm
Chaudhri, Shiv Nath
Rajput, Navin Singh
Alsamhi, Saeed Hamood
Shvetsov, Alexey V.
Almaki, Faris A.
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Ultra-low-power is a key performance indicator in 6G-IoT ecosystems. Sensor nodes in this eco-system are also capable of running light-weight artificial intelligence (AI) models. In this work, we have achieved high performance in a gas sensor system using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with a smaller number of gas sensor elements. We have identified redundant gas sensor elements in a gas sensor array and removed them to reduce the power consumption without significant deviation in the node’s performance. The inevitable variation in the performance due to removing redundant sensor elements has been compensated using specialized data pre-processing (zero-padded virtual sensors and spatial augmentation) and CNN. The experiment is demonstrated to classify and quantify the four hazardous gases, viz., acetone, carbon tetrachloride, ethyl methyl ketone, and xylene. The performance of the unoptimized gas sensor array has been taken as a “baseline” to compare the performance of the optimized gas sensor array. Our proposed approach reduces the power consumption from 10 Watts to 5 Watts; classification performance sustained to 100 percent while quantification performance compensated up to a mean squared error (MSE) of 1.12 × 10−2. Thus, our power-efficient optimization paves the way to “computation on edge”, even in the resource-constrained 6G-IoT paradigm
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