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dc.contributor.authorCarroll, Emma L.
dc.contributor.authorMcGowen, Michael R.
dc.contributor.authorMcCarthy, Morgan L.
dc.contributor.authorMarx, Felix G.
dc.contributor.authorAguilar, Natacha
dc.contributor.authorDalebout, Merel L.
dc.contributor.authorDreyer, Sascha
dc.contributor.authorGaggiotti, Oscar E.
dc.contributor.authorHansen, Sabine S.
dc.contributor.authorvan Helden, Anton
dc.contributor.authorOnoufriou, Aubrie B.
dc.contributor.authorBaird, Robin W.
dc.contributor.authorBaker, C. Scott
dc.contributor.authorBerrow, Simon
dc.contributor.authorCholewiak, Danielle
dc.contributor.authorClaridge, Diane
dc.contributor.authorConstantine, Rochelle
dc.contributor.authorDavison, Nicholas J.
dc.contributor.authorEira, Catarina
dc.contributor.authorFordyce, R. Ewan
dc.contributor.authorGatesy, John
dc.contributor.authorHofmeyr, G. J. Greg
dc.contributor.authorMartín, Vidal
dc.contributor.authorMead, James G.
dc.contributor.authorMignucci-Giannoni, Antonio A.
dc.contributor.authorMorin, Phillip A.
dc.contributor.authorReyes, Cristel
dc.contributor.authorRogan, Emer
dc.contributor.authorRosso, Massimiliano
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Mónica A.
dc.contributor.authorSpringer, Mark S.
dc.contributor.authorSteel, Debbie
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Morten Tange
dc.identifier.citationCarroll EL et al. 2021 Speciation in the deep: genomics and morphology reveal a new species of beaked whale Mesoplodon eueu. Proc. R. Soc. B 288: 20211213.
dc.description.abstractThe deep sea has been described as the last major ecological frontier, as much of its biodiversity is yet to be discovered and described. Beaked whales (ziphiids) are among the most visible inhabitants of the deep sea, due to their large size and worldwide distribution, and their taxonomic diversity and much about their natural history remain poorly understood. We combine genomic and morphometric analyses to reveal a new Southern Hemisphere ziphiid species, Ramari’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon eueu, whose name is linked to the Indigenous peoples of the lands from which the species holotype and paratypes were recovered. Mitogenome and ddRADderived phylogenies demonstrate reciprocally monophyletic divergence between M. eueu and True’s beaked whale (M. mirus) from the North Atlantic, with which it was previously subsumed. Morphometric analyses of skulls also distinguish the two species. A time-calibrated mitogenome phylogeny and analysis of two nuclear genomes indicate divergence began circa 2 million years ago (Ma), with geneflow ceasing 0.35–0.55 Ma. This is an example of how deep sea biodiversity can be unravelled through increasing international collaboration and genome sequencing of archival specimens. Our consultation and involvement with Indigenous peoples offers a model for broadening the cultural scope of the scientific naming process.en_US
dc.publisherThe Royal Societyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofProceedings of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences)en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjecttaxonomy and systematicsen_US
dc.subjectRamari’s beaked whaleen_US
dc.subjectTrue’s beaked whaleen_US
dc.subjectMesoplodon mirusen_US
dc.subjectMesoplodon eueuen_US
dc.titleSpeciation in the deep: genomics and morphology reveal a new species of beaked whale Mesoplodon eueuen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Biological Sciences Te Kura Mātauranga Koiora, University of Auckland Waipapa Taumata Rau, Auckland 1010, Aotearoa New Zealanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Vertebrate Zoology, Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationSection for Evolutionary Genomics, GLOBE Institute, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, Copenhagen K DK-1353, Denmarken_US
dc.contributor.affiliationMuseum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, Aotearoa New Zealanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Geology, University of Otago, Dunedin, Aotearoa New Zealanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationBIOECOMAC, Department of Animal Biology, Edaphology and Geology, University of La Laguna, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spainen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Kensington 2052, Australiaen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationSchool of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 8LB, UKen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationCascadia Research Collective, 218 1/2 W. 4th Avenue, Olympia, WA 98501, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationHawai’i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai’i, Kaneohe, HI 96744, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationMarine Mammal Institute and Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, Newport, OR 97365, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationIrish Whale and Dolphin Group, Merchants Quay, Kilrush, Co Clare, Irelanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationMarine and Freshwater Research Centre, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Dublin Road, Galway, Irelanden_US
dc.contributor.affiliationNortheast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 166 Waters Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationBahamas Marine Mammal Research Organisation (BMMRO), Sandy Point, Abaco, Bahamasen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationScottish Marine Animal Stranding Scheme, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UKen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartamento de Biologia, CESAM and ECOMARE, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro 3810-193, Portugalen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationSociedade Portuguesa de Vida Selvagem, Estação de Campo de Quiaios, Rua das Matas nacionais, Figueira da Foz 3080-530, Portugalen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDivision of Vertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024, USAen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationPort Elizabeth Museum at Bayworld, Gqeberha 6013, South Africaen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment of Zoology, Institute for Coastal and Marine Research, Nelson Mandela University, Gqeberha 6031, South Africaen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationStudy of the Cetaceans in the Canary Archipelago (SECAC) Casa de Los Arroyo, Arrecife de Lanzarote, Canary Islands, Spainen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationCaribbean Manatee Conservation Center, Inter American University of Puerto Rico, 500 Carretera Dr John Will Harris, Bayamón 00957, Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationCenter for Conservation Medicine and Ecosystem Health, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, PO Box 334, Basseterre, St Kittsen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorThis work was supported by ONR grants N000141613017 to E.L.C. and N.A. and N00014-18-1-2808 to C.S.B.; funds from the NMNH Rebecca G. Mead and James G. Mead Marine Mammal Proc. R. Soc. B 288: 20211213 8 Downloaded from on 28 October 2021 Endowment, NSF (USA) grant no. DEB-1457735 to M.S.S., P.A.M. and J.G.; Brothers Hartmann Foundation grant no. AB28148 to M.T.O.; NMFS, BOEM, and USA Navy funding to D.Ch. under the Atlantic Marine Assessment Program for Protected Species. M.L.M. was funded under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement no 801199; E.L.C. by a Rutherford Discovery Fellowship from the Royal Society of New Zealand Te Apa¯ rangi. Irish Whale and Dolphin Group Cetacean Stranding scheme is part-funded by the National Parks and Wildlife Service.en_US
dc.subject.departmentMarine and Freshwater Research Centreen_US

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