Employers' implicit theories of intelligence in the recruitment of individuals with Asperger's syndrome
Gorry, Lisa Marie
MetadataShow full item record
Implicit theories are the informal theories used in the organisation and interpretation of information. Implicit theories role in recruitment has yet to be determined. Such research could be valuable to individuals with Asperger's Syndrome (A.S.), as they often have exceptional cognitive abilities, but also social deficits. Emotional intelligence (E.I.), which is valued by employers contains social factors like interpersonal skills. Many individuals with A.S. have third-level degrees, but often find it difficult to obtain employment. The methodology employed was a mixed methods design. Initially, Case Studies were carried out with individuals who have experience with A.S. in the workplace (n=4). This study investigated the effects of A.S. in recruitment and workplace, and a lack of employer knowledge. Next, employers (n=29) were then asked to describe candidate characteristics, and rank an A.S. and a neurotypical (without autism) candidate in intelligence and employability. There was no relationship between: cognitive characteristics and employability, perceived intelligence; and social characteristics and employability, perceived intelligence. Finally, employers' implicit theories of intelligence were investigated using Stemberg's Implicit Theories of Intelligence Inventory and an E.I. Inventory. These were compared with ratings of an A.S. candidate's perceived intelligence and employability. There was no relationship between employers' implicit theory of intelligence and (a) employability, (b) perceived intelligence. An A.S. description was distributed in two conditions to investigate its effect on recruitment selection. The findings indicate that Candidate descriptions which disclosed the syndrome were considered more employable than those who did not confirm the syndrome. No difference was found between conditions with regard to intelligence. Implicit theories of cognitive and social intelligence are not the prominent assessor of a candidate's employability and intelligence. A.S. candidates should confirm their condition with employers as it appears to increase employability.
The following license files are associated with this item: