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dc.contributor.authorWhite, Alan
dc.contributor.authorMcKee, Martin
dc.contributor.authorde Sousa, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorde Visser, Richard
dc.contributor.authorHogston, Richard
dc.contributor.authorMadsen, Svend Aage
dc.contributor.authorMakara, Péter
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, Noel
dc.contributor.authorWitold, Zatonski
dc.contributor.authorRaine, Gary
dc.identifier.citationWhite, A., McKee, M., de Sousa, B., de Visser, R., Hogston, R., Madsen, S. A., . . . Raine, G. (2014). An examination of the association between premature mortality and life expectancy among men in Europe. European Journal of Public Health, 24(4), 673-679. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckt076en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: A feature of the health of men across Europe is their higher rates of premature mortality and shorter life expectancy at birth than women. Following the publication of the first State of Men’s Health in Europe report, we sought to explore possible reasons. Method: We analyzed trends in life expectancy at birth in 19 European Union member states (EU19) between 1999 and 2008 using mortality data obtained from Eurostat. We then used Pollard’s decomposition method to identify the contribution of deaths from different causes and at different age groups to differences in life expectancy. Results: Between 1999 and 2008, life expectancy at birth in the EU19 increased by 2.74 years for men and by 2.09 years for women. Most of these improvements were due to reductions in mortality at ages >60, with cardiovascular disease accounting for approximately half these improvements for men. In 2008, life expectancy of men in the EU19 was 5.92 years lower than that of women. Deaths from all major groups of causes, and at all ages, contributed to this gap, with external causes contributing 0.96 years, cardiovascular disease 1.80 years and neoplasms 1.61 years. Conclusion: Improvements in the life expectancy at birth of men and women have mostly occurred at older ages. There has been little improvement in the high rate of premature death in younger men, suggesting a need for interventions to tackle their high death rate.en_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of Public Healthen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland*
dc.subjectlife expectancyen_US
dc.subjectdeath, prematureen_US
dc.titleAn examination of the association between premature mortality and life expectancy among men in Europe.en_US
dc.contributor.sponsorThe initial State of Men’s Health in Europe Report was funded through: European Commission DG Sanco Contract Number: 2009 63 02. This paper was a development on from that work and has not received additional funding.en_US
dc.subject.departmenthealthCORE - IT Carlowen_US

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