|Due to the interrelationship between the energy and carbon standards, the large
overlap in energy data and increasing pressure on organisations to reduce their
environmental impacts, this dissertation focuses on energy and carbon management
standards, relative to Ireland, in order to assess the different approaches outlined for
managing energy in an organisation. The research methods consisted of a review of
literature to compare energy and carbon standards, coupled with the collection and
analysis of empirical energy and carbon data from a service organisation case study.
This provided a meaningful comparison between research and practice.
It is evident from the research that there is a large energy data overlap between both
standards and these standards, at an organisation level, have different approaches to
the assessment and management of energy use and carbon emissions. These
individual approaches have their own advantages and disadvantages. The energy
standard ‘process’ driven approach ensures the organisation identifies and manages
energy reduction opportunities. While the carbon standard, through is ‘scientific’
driven approach, ensures that the carbon emission assessment is clear, transparent
and accurate, as far as practical.
The main conclusion drawn from this study is that an Irish organisation, when
deciding to establish and implement an energy or carbon standard, should design a
system that will comply with both standards, to maximise the benefit to the
organisation through energy and carbon savings, financial savings and promote the
corporate ‘green’ image of the organisation.
This study recommends a move towards integrating the Government’s White Paper
on Energy and the National Climate Change Strategy to reinforce the
interrelationship between energy and carbon management and lead to combined
objectives and targets to tackle Irelands’ key environmental challenges. The
integration of national and international energy and carbon standards, at an
organisation level, is also recommended. This will maximise the benefits to an
organisation, energy resources and climate change without entailing the duplication
of an organisation’s time and financial resources.